Coral reefs support about 25% of all our ocean creatures!
Coral reefs are precious and vital to the earth. These reefs cover less than one percent of the ocean floor, but support about 25% of all marine creatures. Coral reefs are made up of organisms called polyps which are very small and simple organisms consisting mostly of a stomach topped by a tentacle-bearing mouth. The polyps extend their tentacles at night to sting and eat tiny organisms called plankton and other small creatures. When the polyps die, they leave behind their hard, limestone skeletons which form a base for the next generation of polyps to grow on.
The Great Barrier Reef in Queensland, Australia is the largest coral reef system in the world (the size of Japan or Italy), so big it’s visible from space!
Our beautiful reefs are under threat from pollution, warming ocean temperatures and sedimentation. You can help the reefs by supporting organizations protecting the reefs, wearing reef safe sunscreen and avoiding plastics which pollute the reefs!
2. Get your family, friends or class together and watch Chasing Coral on Netflix.
3. The island state of Hawaii is banning many sunscreens in efforts to preserve their reefs. Other countries will likely follow suit. Start protecting the reefs today by wearing reef safe sunscreen. You can check them out here.