Aletta Jacobs was a Dutch physician and women’s suffrage activist. She was the first woman in Dutch history to be officially admitted to university. The daughter of a doctor, she had already decided at an early age what she wanted to be. As a physician, she worked to make contraceptives available to women, which brought her into conflict with the attitudes of her colleagues in the medical profession. In 1880 she established the world’s first birth control clinic in Amsterdam. Her involvement in the suffrage movement began when the Dutch government denied her petition to vote, subsequently adding the adjective “male” to voting qualifications. During World War I she formed the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom which is considered one of the most significant women’s peace organizations of the twentieth century.